John Corbett, the son of Joseph
Corbett of Brierley Hill, was born early in 1817 (the exact date is
not recorded) and was baptised at St Michael's church in Brierley
Hill on 29th June 1917.
Joseph Corbett owned a boat yard
at Brierley Hill and he ran a canal boat business from there.
It is quite possible that it is
through the canal boat business that John Corbett became acquainted
with the British Alkali Company who had a works for the manufacture
of salt, chemicals and soap at Stoke Prior in Worcestershire.
Certainly at that time canal transport would have been the most
efficient means of transporting the salt from Stoke Prior.
John Corbett eventually joined his
father's business that duly became Corbett & Son.
By the 1850's canal boat owners
were finding it increasingly difficult to compete with the railways
and the Corbett's duly sold the business. In 1853, John Corbett used
his share of the proceeds to purchase the then disused salt works
that was owned by the British Alkali Company on the west bank of
Brindley's Worcester and Birmingham canal at Stoke Prior. By 1857,
Corbett also had the lease of the former Imperial Salt and Alkali
Company's works also at Stoke Prior on the opposite bank of the canal.
Salt had been mined in the
Droitwich area since before the Romans came to England, but it was
John Corbett who transformed what was basically a cottage industry
into a major industrial business. He discovered a highly efficient
means of extracting the salt from beneath the ground by pumping in
large volumes of water and sucking out the resultant brine. He then
used giant evaporating pans to separate the salt from the water. It
was a sweaty and labour intensive process that could not have been a
joy to the employees at the salt works.
Corbett revolutionised the
commercial manufacture of salt and created a thriving business.
Corbett was a philanthropic employer and did much to improve the
working and living conditions for his employees as testified by a
stained glass window in St Michael's Church, Stoke Prior, that was
paid for by local folk.
John Corbett owned the Stoke Prior
Salt Works until 1888 when he sold the whole complex to the Salt
Union Ltd for £660,000 whilst at the same time taking a seat on
the board of the Salt Union.
John Corbett amassed a fortune
from his works at Stoke Prior and with this he built for himself a
grandiose house near Droitwich called 'Chateau Impney', now a hotel
and conference centre.
However, it was for his many acts
of benevolence that he is best remembered in Worcestershire.
This road at Stoke Prior, near to
the salt works, bears his name:
Corbett could claim to trace his
ancestry right back to the Norman conquest and he adopted the Corbet
family emblem, a raven as his 'de facto' coat of arms. The raven
adorns many buildings in this part of Worcestershire including a
school at Stoke Prior:
The Corbett influence is to be
found everywhere such as in these almshouses 'for decayed salt
makers' at nearby Wychbold:
Note the Corbett family 'Ravens'
and behind the houses the radio masts of the BBC transmitters.
Corbett built hotels in Droitwich
including 'The Raven Hotel'; brine baths and he paid for the
re-building of Droitwich railway station. He also funded the Corbett
Hospital in Stourbridge and made numerous other gifts far and wide
including the rebuilding of the church at Stoke Prior:
John Corbett died on 22nd April
1901 and is buried in the churchyard at St Michael's in Stoke Prior:
John Corbett's grave is made of
marble whilst his brother, Tom, who lies alongside is mere sandstone.